Empathetic police are less effective in the face of public criticism, study says

first_imgShare Share on Facebook Email LinkedIn Share on Twittercenter_img Pinterest Police officers who endorse an empathetic approach to criminal justice do not perform as well when they sense they are underappreciated, according to new research from The University of Texas at Austin.In the study, published in Administrative Science Quarterly, officers’ ideology — liberal or conservative — determined how well they weathered perceived animosity and lack of appreciation from the public, said study author Shefali V. Patil, assistant professor of management in the university’s McCombs School of Business.Patil surveyed 164 officers about how they view the criminal justice system and how well the public understands the challenges of their job. She had independent experts analyze 794 bodycam videos of the officers carrying out their everyday duties — jail transports, traffic and DUI stops, transient arrests, car crashes, building searches and house alarm calls. She found that those who favored a more compassionate approach to justice struggled to be effective when they felt underappreciated. These officers were more likely to score lower on overall performance, competence and use of tactical best practices for officer safety.Alternatively, officers who lean conservative — favoring punitive rather than rehabilitative approaches to justice — did not suffer performance issues in the face of the same negative public perceptions. The expert raters found that these officers generally performed as trained.“Conservative cops believe there should be a divide between themselves and the community,” Patil said, whereas the more empathetic officers may strive for mutual understanding and become frustrated in the effort.She warns that this frustration and the inability to cope with misunderstanding could cause an exodus of empathetic officers from law enforcement over time. In light of this research, Patil urges policymakers to accept public misunderstandings as a given in today’s climate and to rigorously explore the most effective ways to help officers — both liberal and conservative — continue to perform their duties despite these perceptions.“What I’ve found in another paper is that when officers face these misperceptions, they actually perform better if they have standard protocols that they have to follow in specific situations,” she said. “In effect, having less autonomy and discretion can actually be a good thing for officers who feel that the public doesn’t understand them.”Also helpful — perhaps especially for the more empathetic officers — are public policy initiatives aimed at making police agencies feel more appreciated by their communities, creating an environment where scrutiny is balanced with a sense of understanding and empathy for the realities that police face, she said.last_img read more

CDC head: Global disease threats call for better tools

first_imgGlobal patterns of people, food, and medication that flow easily alongside elusive pathogens create a perfect storm that poses enormous public health challenges, such as two new viruses identified in China and the Middle East, a top US health officials said today.Tom Frieden, MD, MPH, director of the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), said in a speech before the National Press Club in Washington, DC, that the new H7N9 avian flu virus detected in China earlier this year is a good example of the emerging risk.Scientists are now identifying one new infectious disease each year, such as Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV), he said. And, on an average day, one new investigation is launched to explore a possible new threat.Using a “cough heard around the world” theme, Frieden outlined other key infectious disease threats, including drug-resistant tuberculosis, healthcare-associated infections (HAIs), including carbapenem-resistant enterobacteriaceae, and potentially lethal bioweapon attacks, such as with Bacillus anthracis, which causes anthrax. “We are all connected through the air that we breathe,” Frieden said, noting that influenza is one of the main infectious diseases that keep public health officials awake at night. “There’s nothing that kills as many people as influenza.”Though health officials are making good use epidemiologic investigations and current technology to detect and quash disease outbreaks, the process could be streamlined with better and faster genome sequencing techniques and tools, Frieden said.However, he said funding shortfalls and the anticipated effects of budget sequestration have kept the CDC from investing in advanced molecular detection tools and have kept states, despite improving economies, from hiring back some of the 46,000 public health jobs that were lost over the past 4 years.Frieden said another top challenge over the next decade is to strengthen collaboration between healthcare providers and public health, not just to help drive down the number of HAIs, which lead to about 100,000 deaths each year. He said more collaboration between the two groups could also help identify infections that are “hiding in plain sight,” such as HIV and hepatitis C, in many patients who are already in the healthcare system.In another public health development in Washington, DC, today the White House recognized eight people as public health Champions of Change. One is Marion Kainer, MD, MPH, a physician and epidemiologist with the Tennessee Department of Health who played a key role in identifying the first fungal meningitis infections that were part of a multistate outbreak linked to contaminated steroid injections.Frieden said Kainer’s quick work in identifying the outbreak resulted from the good long-standing relationships she’s had with the state’s healthcare community. The Champions of Change is a weekly program that recognizes people in different fields who spark innovative ideas or initiatives in their fields of expertise.In a press release today, Jeffrey Levi, PhD, executive director for Trust for America’s Health (TFAH), said the group is pleased to join the White House in honoring the public health Champions of Change.”These leaders are taking innovative approaches to improve the health of people in their communities—and showing real results,” Levi said. “Prevention is one of the most common-sense ways we can save lives and reduce healthcare costs, and the efforts of these champions show how to put prevention to work in effective ways.”See also:National Press Club announcementWhite House Champions of Change pageSep 10 TFAH statementlast_img read more

News Scan for Aug 05, 2019

first_imgDRC reports more daily double-digit Ebola risesThe Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) saw no let-up in Ebola cases over the weekend, reporting 39 new cases, which would boost the outbreak total to 2,763, according to updates from the World Health Organization (WHO) online Ebola dashboard.Based on data reported for Aug 2, the DRC reported 17 more cases, and for Aug 3 the country reported 12 more infections.Health officials are still investigating 397 suspected casesAs of yesterday, the online dashboard showed that the death toll was 1,843, which is 20 more than the health ministry’s last daily update, which was posted on Aug 2.In the Aug 2 report, the health ministry said a sister of the second case-patient detected in Goma who fled to South Kivu province has been found and 40 of her contacts have already been vaccinated, including 9 that are classified as high risk. Also, the ministry said a 25-year-old man who is a traditional healer is among the recently confirmed cases in Mabalako. He was vaccinated on Jul 20, but treated his symptoms between Jul 24 and Jul 29, which gradually worsened. The man’s infection was confirmed on Jul 30 and he has been taken to an Ebola treatment center. So far, 22 of his contacts have been identified.Meanwhile, in other developments, a patient with a confirmed infection from Lubero who fled into the community in Masereka has been located and was transferred to an Ebola treatment center.WHO online Ebola dashboard Aug 2 DRC update MERS infects one more in Saudi ArabiaOver the weekend the Saudi Arabia ministry of health (MOH) reported the first MERS-CoV infection of August, which involves a 71-year-old man from Buraidah, according to an official statement.The man had a history of contact with camels, and his exposure to MERS-CoV (Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus) is listed as “primary,” meaning it’s unlikely he contracted the virus from another known patient.Saudi Arabia reported six cases of MERS-CoV in July.Since 2012 when the virus was first reported, the World Health Organization has confirmed at least 2,442 cases, the vast majority in Saudi Arabia. At least 842 patients have died from their infections.Aug 4 MOH update New cases lift US measles total to 1,172Eight more measles cases were recorded in the last week, bringing the United States’ total in 2019 to 1,172. Though this is the most cases in the United States since 1992, and since measles was declared eliminated in 2000, the eight cases represent a decline in transmission rates across the country.Thirty states have reported cases in 2019, a number unchanged for the past 2 weeks, according to the latest update from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).  The CDC is tracking five ongoing outbreaks (3 or more related cases) in in New York (Brooklyn and Rockland County); one in Washington state; one in El Paso, Texas; and one in Los Angeles County, California.”More than 75% of the cases this year are linked to outbreaks in New York and New York City. Measles is more likely to spread and cause outbreaks in U.S. communities where groups of people are unvaccinated,” the CDC said.Though no measles deaths have been recorded this year, the virus has caused 124 hospitalizations as of Aug 1, and 64 other case-patients have reported complications, including pneumonia and encephalitis.Aug 5 CDC update  Inspection findings suspend work at USAMRIID biolab at Fort DetrickResearch on high-level pathogens at the US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases (USAMRIID)  lab at Fort Detrick in Frederick, Md., has been suspended after a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) inspection in June found several concerns regarding standard operating procedures, the Frederick News-Post reported on Aug 2.No infectious disease-causing materials have been found outside authorized areas, according to the report, which cites USAMRIID public affairs officer Caree Vander Linden. The CDC sent the lab a cease and desist order in July, which suspends the lab’s registration with the Federal Select Agent Program, which supervises high-level pathogen use and possession.Some of the findings that triggered the suspension include failure to follow local procedures and lack of periodic recertification training for workers in biocontainment labs. Also, inspectors found that the wastewater decontamination system didn’t meet Federal Select Agent Program standards.According to the News-Post report, USAMRIID has been working on modified biosafety level 3 procedures and a new decontamination system since flooding occurred in May 2018, which Vander Linden says “increased the operational complexity of biocontainment laboratory research activities within the Institute.”USAMRIID work outside the lab isn’t expected to be affected, and Vander Linden told the News-Post that the group will continue its critical diagnostic mission and will still be available to provide medical and subject matter expertise as needed. She said USAMRIID will work to meet Army and CDC requirements that will pave the way for the suspension to be lifted.Aug 2 News-Post story Meta-analysis: Pregnancy linked to influenza hospitalization, but not deathA meta-analysis of 33 studies on pregnant women and influenza found that pregnancy was associated with an increased risk of hospitalization, but not death, according to new research published in BMC Infectious Diseases.”Pregnancy was associated with a seven times higher risk of hospitalization but, among patients seeking medical care as in-or outpatients, was not found to be independently associated with influenza-associated mortality, after adjusting for other potential risk factors in multivariable analysis,” the authors wrote.Pregnant women may not see increased rates of mortality because they are more likely than non-pregnant peers to get antiviral treatment, the study found. Antiviral treatment (55.4% in pregnant versus 28.7% in non-pregnant women; OR 3.09, 95% CI 2.88–3.31) and receipt of the influenza vaccine (12.1% versus 7.8%; OR 1.62, 95% CI 1.44–1.82) were more common in pregnant women.The authors conclude that pregnant women in high-resource countries are more likely to be hospitalized based on preferential admission because of perceived risks of complications.Aug 2 BMC Infect Dis studylast_img read more

Progress of Costa Concordia Removal Operations Presented to Civil Protection and Observatory

first_imgCosta Crociere and Titan-Micoperi representatives presented the progress of removal operations to the Commissioner for the Concordia Emergency Franco Gabrielli, the Observatory for Concordia Removal and the Mayor of Giglio at Civil Protection headquarters in Rome.Costa Crociere is now in the process of completing the technical documentation that will be delivered in the next days to the Observatory to allow the authorities to evaluate the parbuckling project – the vertical rotation of the wreck – and give their approval for the operations to take place in the month of September.Once the parbuckling is completed, it will be essential to assess the conditions of the wreck and evaluate any technical adjustments required, particularly on the submerged starboard side which is currently inaccessible in that it rests upon two cliffs of rocks.Following the completion of such assessment, it will be possible to more accurately determine the timing of the subsequent phases, that is refloating and towing.The Concordia wreck removal is a unique and extremely complex technical-engineering operation, a naval salvage operation like no other in history, involving the best international expertise, advanced technologies and unprecedented financial. Activities continue with about 500 workers and 30 vessels at work 24/7. Protection of marine ecosystem, safety of workplace and rapidity of removal project completion are the key priorities of the project.[mappress]Press Release, July 17, 2013last_img read more

Strong Results for DP World in 2014

first_imgDP World Limited will today hold its Annual General Meeting for the year ended 31 December 2013. DP World Chairman Sultan Ahmed Bin Sulayem will make the following statement regarding operational performance in the first quarter of 2014:“DP World Limited handled 14.3 million TEU (twenty-foot equivalent units) across its global portfolio of container terminals during the first quarter of 2014, with gross container volumes growing by 10.5% on a like-for-like basis. On a reported basis gross volumes grew by 11.6% as new volumes from London Gateway (UK) and Embraport (Brazil) contributed to the portfolio, benefitting the reported numbers.“First quarter growth was largely driven by an improved performance from our Asia Pacific, India and UAE terminals, with Europe continuing to show signs of improvement. The UAE delivered a very strong quarter handling 3.6 million TEU, representing growth of 17.5%.“At a consolidated level, our terminals handled 6.8 million TEU during the first quarter of 2014, a 12.8% improvement in like-for-like performance. On a reported level, consolidated volumes showed slightly softer growth at 9.1% due to the divestment of CT3 (Hong Kong) in March last year.“As anticipated, we have seen a return to volume growth in 2014 due to the addition of new capacity and a pick-up in global trade in the first quarter. We are encouraged by the volumes handled at our flagship Jebel Ali port, with the 1 million TEU expansion of Jebel Ali’s Terminal 2 contributing to the strong result. The addition of 4 million TEU capacity with Terminal 3 opening this year will ensure we are well placed to handle future capacity demands in Dubai.“Our key developments at Nhava Sheva (India) and Rotterdam (The Netherlands) remain on schedule for delivery and we recently commenced construction at Yarimca in Turkey, where we anticipate adding approximately 0.8 million TEU capacity in the second half of 2015.”[mappress]Press Release, April 28, 2014last_img read more

Senergy to Discuss How Ground Modelling Can Reduce OW Cost

first_imgImproved use of the Ground Modelling approach could be significant contributor to the reduction of the costs of developing offshore wind farms. This is the theme of a paper that Senergy will present today at a conference session at the UK’s largest renewable energy conference, All-Energy in Aberdeen.Richard Orren, global technical head of Senergy’s Survey & GeoEngineering group, will share his expertise with delegates at the Aberdeen Exhibition and Conference (AECC) by explaining why optimising the ground modelling approach can be used for better risk management and more cost effective development of a project.He will be one of the speakers at the conference session entitled Offshore Wind 2: Rising to the Challenges of EMR and Cost Reduction which takes place from 2pm at the AECC’s Fleming Auditorium. The session is being chaired by David G Blunt, CVO and managing director UK at Gamesa UK.Mr Orren is a geophysicist with 34 years’ experience in the offshore survey industry, in the application and management of engineering geophysics. Starting his career in the seismic exploration sector, he moved into engineering geosciences before becoming more involved in technical and business development aspects.In his current role, Richard manages engineering geophysics consulting activities and supervises technical staff and consultants, in addition to undertaking some hands-on project management, on both renewables and oil and gas work. He has a degree in Geophysical Sciences and is a member of the Society of Underwater Technology’s Offshore Site Investigation and Geotechnics committee.The now internationally-recognised All-Energy conference runs from May 21 to 22. Last year, the trade conference and exhibition attracted more than 600 exhibiting companies and 7,650 thousand visitors from 48 countries. Press Release, May 21, 2014; Image: Senergylast_img read more

Topaz secures USD42m financing

first_imgThe profile of the banks provide finance to Topaz is diverse and covers leading, regional commercial and Islamic banks, specialised international shipping banks and global institutions.A leader in the offshore support vessel market, Topaz operates more than 100 modern and high-spec vessels with diverse capabilities such as anchor handling tug supply vessels, platform supply vessels, flotels, ice breakers, crew boats, cable layers, survey vessels and specialised barges.Topaz employs a prudent vessel acquisition strategy that restricts any speculative buying other than in technological or geographical niches. This model has proven very successful and paired with the relatively low counterparty risk related to Topaz’s blue-chip client base, banks have responded positively.Topaz CFO, Pramod Balakrishnan commented on Topaz’s success in securing financing, “Topaz has a strong balance sheet and comfortably meets its bank covenants which makes financing us a compelling case for the banks. Our overall fleet exposure is weighted towards medium and long-term contracts which helps counterbalance any spot market volatility, providing another level of comfort for the banks. The long visibility and consistent cash flows generated enable our bankers to sleep soundly.”Setting the stage for 2010, Topaz has stated its strategic intent to aggressively pursue growth through acquisitions into geographies of strategic importance to the global hydrocarbon markets. Depressed asset valuations and motivated sellers are likely to provide attractive opportunities for Topaz. The OSV-market globally is characterised by smaller operators and in the wake of the global financial crisis, a certain degree of consolidation is expected.last_img read more

Finland – Arctic Ocean rail route proposed

first_imgEUROPE: A report into options for a rail link from Finnish Lapland to the Arctic Ocean has been published by Finland’s Ministry of Transport & Communications. This concludes that a 465 km route from Rovaniemi via Sodankylä to Kirkenes in Norway would be the best option.The cost is estimated at €2·9bn, of which Finland would fund €2bn. The route is not expected to be profitable in itself, but could bring an increase in trade in the region.Transport Minister Anne Berner said the proposed line would ‘improve Finland‘s logistical position and accessibility’, providing an alternative to the Baltic Sea which has historically been the country’s dominant international trade route. ‘The Arctic link is an important project as it would securely connect continental Europe with Arctic areas and a rail connection would improve the commercial prospects of businesses in the northern area’, Berner said.Five routes from Finland to coastal towns in Norway or Murmansk in Russia were studied. Berner cautioned that while the route selected jointly with Norwegian officials was the most realistic, it would require further study by a joint working group which is to report back by the end of the year. This will include research into the impact on the environment and reindeer husbandry.last_img read more

Knorr-Bremse brings rail HVAC activities under Merak brand

first_imgMERAK: Knorr-Bremse has unified its worldwide rolling stock heating, ventilation and air-conditioning activities under the overall brand name Merak.This covers Merak’s global headquarters at Getafe in Spain, Merak North America, the Merak-Jinxin joint venture in China, the rail HVAC activities of Sigma in Australia, Kiepe Electric in Austria and Knorr-Bremse India, and Rail Services locations.‘Having one single brand for intelligent rail climate control is the next logical step in anchoring this family of systems in our overall portfolio’, said Dr Peter Radina, management board member responsible for the HVAC business of Knorr-Bremse Rail Vehicle Systems, on September 2. ‘The new brand combines the values, financial strength and advanced technology of the Knorr-Bremse Group with the proximity, passion and expertise in air quality and climate control of all its HVAC sites.’last_img read more

Uganda to host global meeting on preventing mass atrocities

first_imgUgandan President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni delivers a speech during the launch of the National Dialogue committee in Juba, South Sudan May 22, 2017. Image courtesy: Reuters/Jok SolomunGovernment representatives, civil society organizations and experts from around the world will meet in Uganda on Wednesday to devise ways of preventing mass atrocities like genocide, war crimes, and crimes against humanity.Through a statement sent by the Ugandan government on Monday, over 200 delegates will convene for a three-day meeting under Global Action against Mass Atrocity Crimes (GAAMAC)“The states and civil society organizations representatives will work together to make prevention a reality at the local, national, regional and international level,” the statement said.Participants will exchange good practice and lessons learned from on-going experiences of prevention like early warning systems, prevention of hate speech, role of politicians.One key feature of the meeting will be the presentation of the Africa Working Group Manual on “Best Practices on the Establishment and Management of National Mechanisms for Genocide and Mass Atrocities Prevention,” the statement said.last_img read more