An escalation in the number of conflicts across the Sahara and the Sahel in Africa is driving down numbers of the region’s wildlife, a new study finds.The authors found that the number of conflicts in the region has risen by 565 percent since 2011.At the same time, 12 species of vertebrate have either gone extinct or are much closer to extinction as a result of conflicts in the region. The surge in armed conflicts across the Sahara Desert and the band of dry savanna to its south called the Sahel is devastating the region’s wildlife, according to recent findings published in the journal Conservation Letters.“As if the harsh, arid landscape isn’t enough, the growth of armed conflict in the Sahara-Sahel region is yet another serious threat that wildlife in this critical region now have to contend with,” biologist Sarah Durant of the Zoological Society of London, an author of the study, said in a statement.The rise of groups like Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb, or AQIM, and Boko Haram over the past few years have destabilized Cameroon, Chad, Niger, Nigeria and Mali. These are some of the least-developed countries on Earth, and they’re adjacent to countries like Libya where power vacuums have recently emerged, contributing to the problem. Across the Sahel and Sahara, the number of conflicts has swelled by 565 percent since 2011, the authors report. That means one in five conflicts on the African continent is taking place in this region, and its disputes account for 5 percent of the global total.The carcasses of gazelles killed in the Sahara. Image courtesy of the University of Granada.Research published in the journal Nature in early 2018 found that, in general, wildlife numbers decline across the continent as the number of conflicts rises. In this case, the study’s authors wanted to understand what the rapid uptick in violence would mean for this region’s unique and threatened wildlife populations.“Areas where fauna is seriously endangered due to the rise in conflicts need to be identified, and effective policies need to be implemented in order to reduce the impact of these conflicts on biodiversity,” ecologist José Carlos Brito said in a statement from the University of Granada. Brito is the paper’s lead author, and he works at the University of Porto in Portugal, one of 20 institutions involved in the project.The team compiled data on the locations of battles, explosions and attacks throughout the region, as well as the paths used by smugglers and people migrating through the Sahara and Sahel. They then compared that information with the results of surveys of 10 species of vertebrates that live in the region. They zeroed in on three species: the addax, or white antelope (Addax nasomaculatus); the dorcas gazelle (Gazella dorcas); and the African savannah elephant (Loxodonta africana).Gazelles in Chad. Image courtesy of the University of Granada.The addax, an antelope that lives primarily in northern Niger, is down to “critically low numbers” in connection with rising conflict and oil exploration in the region over the past 20 years. Shortly after the fall of the Moammar Gadhafi regime in Libya in 2011, illegal hunters began killing more dorcas gazelles in the predominantly desert country. And the poaching of Mali’s elephants spiked in 2015 in the wake of several years of violence and failed peace processes there.The scientists figure that 12 of the 14 species of large animal that live in this area have either gone extinct or are perilously close to it because of the region’s conflicts.The team recommends conservation measures should be included in peace deals, along with penalties for groups and governments that don’t abide by them, to address these issues. They also suggest that curbing the number of weapons that flow into the region could help reduce the loss of wildlife in the Sahel and the Sahara.“There’s a vicious circle connecting arms trafficking, conflicts, migration and the extinction of animal species,” the authors said in the statement from the University of Granada.An addax mother and calf. Image in the public domain via Wikimedia Commons.Recognizing this cycle, as well as the role that a balance of conservation and economic development must play, should be part of the long-term strategy to tackle this problem, the researchers argue.And there’s little time to spare: “Such steps need to be taken now, before the unique and iconic biodiversity of the world’s largest desert is lost,” they write in the paper.Banner image of gazelles in Chad courtesy of the University of Granada.CitationsDaskin, J. H., & Pringle, R. M. (2018). Warfare and wildlife declines in Africa’s protected areas. Nature.Brito, J. C., Durant, S. M., Pettorelli, N., Newby, J., Canney, S., Algadafi, W., … & de Smet, K. (2018). Armed conflicts and wildlife decline: Challenges and recommendations for effective conservation policy in the Sahara‐Sahel. Conservation Letters, e12446. Article published by John Cannon Animals, Biodiversity, Birds, Conflict, Conservation, Critically Endangered Species, Deserts, Development, Ecology, Elephants, Endangered Species, Environment, Extinction, Human Migration, Hunting, Mammals, Over-hunting, Poaching, Research, Wildlife, Wildlife Conservation Popular in the CommunitySponsoredSponsoredOrangutan found tortured and decapitated prompts Indonesia probeEMGIES17 Jan, 2018We will never know the full extent of what this poor Orangutan went through before he died, the same must be done to this evil perpetrator(s) they don’t deserve the air that they breathe this has truly upset me and I wonder for the future for these wonderful creatures. So called ‘Mankind’ has a lot to answer for we are the only ones ruining this world I prefer animals to humans any day of the week.What makes community ecotourism succeed? In Madagascar, location, location, locationScissors1dOther countries should also learn and try to incorporateWhy you should care about the current wave of mass extinctions (commentary)Processor1 DecAfter all, there is no infinite anything in the whole galaxy!Infinite stupidity, right here on earth.The wildlife trade threatens people and animals alike (commentary)Anchor3dUnfortunately I feel The Chinese have no compassion for any living animal. They are a cruel country that as we knowneatbeverything that moves and do not humanily kill these poor animals and insects. They have no health and safety on their markets and they then contract these diseases. Maybe its karma maybe they should look at the way they live and stop using animals for all there so called remedies. DisgustingConservationists welcome China’s wildlife trade banThobolo27 JanChina has consistently been the worlds worst, “ Face of Evil “ in regards our planets flora and fauna survival. In some ways, this is nature trying to fight back. This ban is great, but the rest of the world just cannot allow it to be temporary, because history has demonstrated that once this coronavirus passes, they will in all likelihood, simply revert to been the planets worst Ecco Terrorists. Let’s simply not allow this to happen! How and why they have been able to degrade this planets iconic species, rape the planets rivers, oceans and forests, with apparent impunity, is just mind boggling! Please no more.Probing rural poachers in Africa: Why do they poach?Carrot3dOne day I feel like animals will be more scarce, and I agree with one of my friends, they said that poaching will take over the world, but I also hope notUpset about Amazon fires last year? Focus on deforestation this year (commentary)Bullhorn4dLies and more leisSponsoredSponsoredCoke is again the biggest culprit behind plastic waste in the PhilippinesGrapes7 NovOnce again the article blames companies for the actions of individuals. It is individuals that buy these products, it is individuals that dispose of them improperly. If we want to change it, we have to change, not just create bad guys to blame.Brazilian response to Bolsonaro policies and Amazon fires growsCar4 SepThank you for this excellent report. I feel overwhelmed by the ecocidal intent of the Bolsonaro government in the name of ‘developing’ their ‘God-given’ resources.U.S. allocates first of $30M in grants for forest conservation in SumatraPlanet4dcarrot hella thick ;)Melting Arctic sea ice may be altering winds, weather at equator: studyleftylarry30 JanThe Arctic sea ice seems to be recovering this winter as per the last 10-12 years, good news.Malaysia has the world’s highest deforestation rate, reveals Google forest mapBone27 Sep, 2018Who you’re trying to fool with selective data revelation?You can’t hide the truth if you show historical deforestation for all countries, especially in Europe from 1800s to this day. WorldBank has a good wholesome data on this.Mass tree planting along India’s Cauvery River has scientists worriedSurendra Nekkanti23 JanHi Mongabay. Good effort trying to be objective in this article. I would like to give a constructive feedback which could help in clearing things up.1. It is mentioned that planting trees in village common lands will have negative affects socially and ecologically. There is no need to even have to agree or disagree with it, because, you also mentioned the fact that Cauvery Calling aims to plant trees only in the private lands of the farmers. So, plantation in the common lands doesn’t come into the picture.2.I don’t see that the ecologists are totally against this project, but just they they have some concerns, mainly in terms of what species of trees will be planted. And because there was no direct communication between the ecologists and Isha Foundation, it was not possible for them to address the concerns. As you seem to have spoken with an Isha spokesperson, if you could connect the concerned parties, it would be great, because I see that the ecologists are genuinely interested in making sure things are done the right way.May we all come together and make things happen.Rare Amazon bush dogs caught on camera in BoliviaCarrot1 Feba very good iniciative to be fallowed by the ranchers all overSponsored
Jamaica’s Under-20 footballers whipped Aruba 7-1 in Florida on Thursday night to keep alive their hopes of advancing to the next round of the CONCACAF Under-20 Championships. Cavalier’s Tevin Rochester scored a hat-trick (two penalties). The other scorers were Ricardo McIntosh (2), Jamoi Topey and Nicque Daley. Meanwhile Mexico remained in pole position for the lone qualifying spot from Group B of the championships following an 8-0 hammering of Grenada. Both Jamaica and Mexico have 10 points but the Central Americans head the group on goal difference. The Mexicans have scored 21 goals and conceded two for a plus 19 goal difference while Jamaica (13-3) have a goal difference of plus 10.
160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set! Besides using drought-resistant plants, water officials urged residents to check their sprinkler systems and to fix outdoor leaks. The campaign will include a $70,000 advertising effort to pass along water-conservation tips. Residents also can ask the water district to conduct an audit of their home by calling (888) 987-9473. The audit would identify where water is being wasted and provide a customized watering schedule. Palmdale Water District in May had started a voluntary conservation program, urging its customers to cut consumption by 15 percent. Rainfall since July 1 has measured only 0.65 of an inch in Palmdale and 1.4 inches in Lancaster, according to the National Weather Service. Normal rainfall for both cities for the same time period is more than 7 inches. LANCASTER – In one of the driest years on record, county water officials Thursday launched a conservation and education program to get residents to cut water consumption by 10 percent. The Home Depot, a partner in the campaign, will add drought-resistant plants to garden centers at its stores in Lancaster and Palmdale. Such plants include weeping yucca, juniper, barrel cactus and rosemary. “They use less water and are adapted for the environment here,” said Melinda Barrett, water conservation program manager with the Los Angeles County Waterworks Districts. The program is co-sponsored by Waterworks District No. 40, which serves residents and businesses in most of Lancaster, in a portion of Palmdale, and in Littlerock, Pearblossom, Lake Los Angeles and Acton.
LOS ANGELES – California hospitals could get a break as they struggle to meet a deadline to renovate buildings in danger of buckling during a major earthquake. State regulators want to use advanced technology to re-evaluate 1,111 medical buildings – a move that could reduce the need for costly renovations by some facilities to comply with tough safety codes passed after the deadly 1994 Northridge temblor. “If buildings pose little or no risk to patients, then why impose millions of dollars of upgrades on them?” said Kurt Schaefer, deputy director of the Office of Statewide Health Planning and Development, which supports the new testing. No hospitals collapsed during the magnitude-6.7 Northridge Quake, but it disrupted care at two dozen medical centers and caused more than $3 billion in hospital-related damage. AD Quality Auto 360p 720p 1080p Top articles1/5READ MORE11 theater productions to see in Southern California this week, Dec. 27-Jan. 2After the disaster, the state’s 450 acute-care facilities were required to perform a first-ever inventory to identify shaky buildings. The 2001 survey found that 40 percent of hospital structures faced significant risk of collapse during a quake. The evaluations primarily considered the structure of a building, including whether it was made of wood or concrete. Some facilities ended up in the high-risk category by default because operators couldn’t afford to hire expert inspectors. State regulators are now turning to computer software used by the Federal Emergency Management Agency to assess risk from natural disasters. Many experts consider it more precise in predicting possible quake damage because it factors in a region’s seismicity, distance from an active fault and soil conditions. It’s unclear how the new tool might affect a hospital’s current seismic rating, but state officials said they expect some buildings now flagged as most at risk could receive a safety upgrade and extra time for renovations. The proposal to re-inspect buildings will likely require action by the state Legislature. Schaefer expects the state to perform the reassessment at no cost to the facilities. Under current state law, hazardous medical buildings must be retrofitted or replaced by 2008 or face stiff penalties. Facilities can win an extension until 2013 if they show the work will interfere with care. But the state is requiring that by 2030, all hospitals be able to keep treating patients after a disaster. The California Hospital Association has persistently lobbied for relief from the upgrades, complaining that hospitals could end up spending more than $50 billion because of skyrocketing construction costs. “We’ve got to balance access to care with the need to get hospital buildings upgraded to be able to sustain a major earthquake,” association spokeswoman Jan Emerson said. Sutter Health operates 27 hospitals in Northern California and has 78 buildings listed as high-risk. Its facilities in Sacramento and the Central Valley would likely benefit from re-inspection because they are in less seismically active zones, said Carl Scheuerman, company liaison to the state. “It allows us to focus our limited capital on those buildings that are most in need of action,” he said. The California Seismic Safety Commission, an independent group that advises the Legislature and governor on earthquake matters, supports the new system to better gauge seismic risk. However, Fred Turner, the panel’s senior structural engineer, cautioned that it is more accurate when assessing large areas than individual buildings. Nevertheless, Turner said it’s a good step. “We should have better smarts and tools at our disposal,” he said. The Northridge Quake killed 57 people while causing up to $20 billion in damage and exposing serious weaknesses in the health care system. One of the state’s worst hospital tragedies occurred during the 1971 Sylmar temblor when two medical centers in Southern California collapsed, killing 50 patients. During the Northridge Quake, the health care system was severely taxed. Eight hospital buildings erected before 1970 suffered heavy damage. Near the epicenter, the Northridge Community Center Hospital lost power and telephone service while doctors at the Community Hospital in Granada Hills were forced to treat patients in the parking lot and hallways after its top floor was evacuated.160Want local news?Sign up for the Localist and stay informed Something went wrong. Please try again.subscribeCongratulations! You’re all set!
Nat Coombs and Andy Brassell round up the week’s football stories from around Europe and discuss the latest transfer stories and rumours. Plus they preview all of this weekend’s action.
The Pan South African Language Board (PanSALB) promotes multilingualism in South Africa by fostering the development of all 11 official languages, while encouraging the use of the many other languages spoken in the country.Linguistic human rights and advocacyPanSALB is mandated by law to investigate complaints about language rights violations from any individual, organisation or institution.PanSALB conducts hearings at which complainants and respondents are present, and depending on its findings may recommend steps to be taken by the department or institution concerned.In May 2004, PanSALB launched a campaign to raise the public’s awareness of their right to be served in their own language at government institutions.Speaking at the launch of the campaign in Pretoria, PanSALB chief executive Cynthia Marivate said the public should complain to PanSALB if public servants refused to serve them in their language.“This is not only limited to written information”, Marivate said. “Even verbal information should be communicated through the language citizens best understand.”She said it was the responsibility of government to get interpreters of all official languages at its key delivery service points.Language policy and lawPanSALB worked closely with the Department of Arts and Culture on its national policy for language use in government in higher education, launched in 2003, as well as on the South African Languages Bill and a number of initiatives to ensure that South Africa has the human resources needed to implement the Bill when it becomes law.These initiatives, announced in March 2004, include a government bursary scheme for postgraduate studies in language, interpreting and translation, and the setting up of language research and development centres to focus on nine of SA’s 11 indigenous languages: seSotho sa Lebowa, seSotho, seTswana, siSwati, Tshivenda, Xitsonga, isiNdebele, isiXhosa and isiZulu.Lexicography and terminology developmentAnother of PanSALB’s focus areas is that of lexicography and terminology development.Nine National Lexicography Units were registered in 2001, their task being to compile monolingual explanatory dictionaries and other products to help with language development.The Afrikaans, English, isiZulu, and isiXhosa units have published a number of volumes of their monolingual dictionaries.The Tshivenda Lexicography Unit, based at the University of Venda, launched the world’s first Tshivenda dictionary in July 2004, and said it expected to publish the final draft in 2006 or 2007.The lexicography units are based at tertiary institutions throughout South Africa. Each unit is managed by a board of directors and registered as a Section 21 (not-for-profit) company, which allows the unit autonomy to raise funds to carry on its work.Electronic translationPanSALB has also established an electronic translation programme in conjunction with Afrilingo, a company that has translated English computer programmes into isiZulu, isiXhosa, seTswana, Sesotho and Afrikaans.Afrilingo marketing and programme developer Thami Olivier said in May 2004 that the programme had been introduced at the Motheo and Mangaung district municipalities in the Free State, and that Afrilingo was working on translations into the five other South African languages.“By typing a word, you will get its translation in your preferred language, and when you click the volume icon box you will hear how it is pronounced”, Olivier said.“Our aim is to break down language barriers”, he said, adding that copies of the programme had been distributed to South Africa’s embassies in the United States.“This helps tourists to know the basics of language before they arrive in South Africa.”Khoi and San National Language BodyThis body was established in 1999 to promote and develop the Khoi and San languages. The body has been conducting surveys in communities where the Khoi and San languages are spoken, in order to record and standardise terminology.The Khoi and San languages were spoken by the earlier inhabitants of the southern part of Africa.Commission for the Promotion and Protection of Cultural, Religious and Linguistic CommunitiesThe commission’s main purpose is to promote respect for the rights and interests of South Africa’s various cultural, religious and linguistic communities.The 17-member commission has the power to:Monitor, investigate, research, educate, lobby, advise and report on any issue concerning the rights of cultural, religious and linguistic communities.Facilitate the resolution of conflicts or friction between any such community and an organ of state.Receive and deal with complaints and requests by cultural, religious or linguistic communities.Convene a yearly national conference of delegates from the various religious, cultural and linguistic communities and governmental and non-governmental role players.SAinfo reporterWould you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See: Using SAinfo material
Thank you Madiba – your magic will forever be among us all. This was a common sentiment as people mourned the passing of a legend.South Africans lost their father and the world lost an icon when Nelson Mandela – Madiba, Tata – died at 8.50pm on 5 December at home in Houghton. It has brought tears, but also a celebration of his life not just to his family and friends, but to the world.Born 18 July 1918 in Mvezo, a small village in the Eastern Cape, Mandela was the country’s first black president. But he was more than that: he was a world statesman and a universal symbol of peace, unity, forgiveness and ubuntu. Tributes continue to pour out for the father of the Rainbow Nation.Bernard Fingwana says: “I am happy the man has finally reached the end of his journey and I thank him for all he has done, for not just us but the whole world.” He leaves a legacy that has changed the lives of many people throughout the world, but above all he has left everyone with the hope of a loving home for all.“I learned that courage was not the absence of fear, but the triumph over it. The brave man is not he who does not feel afraid, but he who conquers that fear,” Mandela said. His words inspired many people and changed their ways of thinking.“I feel very hurt knowing that he is gone,” says Phillipa TshabitsoPhillipa Tshibitso says: “I feel very hurt knowing that he is gone. I would like to say to all South Africans that, ‘Please we must all walk in his path.’ I would love to say to his family that we are crying with them.”Mandela’s message is universal: “No one is born hating another person because of the colour of his skin, or his background, or his religion. People must learn to hate, and if they can learn to hate, they can be taught to love, for love comes more naturally to the human heart than its opposite,” he said in his autobiography, Long Walk to Freedom.“We love you Tata and you will always be a part of everyone’s life. The nation will take all that you have done for us and keep moving towards building a world filled with peace, love and happiness… we are with his family, because Nelson Mandela is our freedom. We will pray with you and not for you,” says Mpilo Masokela.Again, Mandela’s words are inspirational: “The greatest glory in living lies not in never falling, but in rising every time we fall.”Weeping, Caroline Nkamboyi says: “I did not want to believe that he was gone and as soon as I accepted it I became sad. What I would love to say to his family is that they must accept it because we are here for them too.”And his legacy lives on, urging ordinary people to do the extraordinary: “Sometimes it falls upon a generation to be great, you can be that generation,” he said. “We must use time wisely and forever realise that the time is always ripe to do right.”“He brought freedom into every South African’s life,” says Selina Dikeledi (Images: Bhekumuzi Madakane)Bhekumuzi MadakaneSelina Dikeledi Kitsaweng says: “It all came as a sudden shock. He brought freedom into every South African’s life. I am where I am today because of him. Tata wherever you are, thank you for everything. In a way you brought me up too, so thank you.”Forever he will be missed, and the words “we love you Tata” are being heard loud and clear across the world. “What counts in life is not the mere fact that we have lived. It is what difference we have made to the lives of others that will determine the significance of the life we lead,” he said. “I am the master of my fate and the captain of my destiny.”Gone but never forgotten, Madiba will live on in our hearts, his humility and humanity something which we can all strive to emulate. “When the history of our times is written, will we be remembered as the generation that turned our backs in a moment of global crisis or will it be recorded that we did the right thing?” he asked.South Africans – indeed all people – can follow his lead, working for others through his foundation, 46664, the Nelson Mandela Children’s Fund, and giving of their time on Nelson Mandela International Day, and every day.But now, to the father of the nation, it is time to say goodbye. Hamba Kahle, Tata.
Tags:#Government#web Top Reasons to Go With Managed WordPress Hosting While companies may struggle to catch on with social media, the government seems to be taking steps to do the same. We’re surprised they waited this long! According to the latest Qik blog update, both livestreaming and twittering recently took place on the floor of Congress in Capitol Hill. Is this exciting news about the progression of our government or will we regret their involvement in the future?Qik Streaming with CongressQik received a nice share of coverage today from First Congressman John Culberson when he used Qik to interview House Republican lawmakers and gain some insight on the discussion about rising energy costs and gas prices. The livestream was embedded on the CSPAN homepage with plenty of comments and discussions going on in the video’s chat. You can view the video here.Social Media and the GovernmentFirst Congressman John Culberson actually has a nice selection of livestreams from various political personnel. Culberson also has a Twitter account, where he is active with a host of followers and followings. However, the question at hand is whether or not parts of the government tinkering with social media is a good thing. Let us know your thoughts in the comments area! Related Posts A Web Developer’s New Best Friend is the AI Wai… 8 Best WordPress Hosting Solutions on the Market Why Tech Companies Need Simpler Terms of Servic… corvida 1
Although Flash technology is fading out, it appears to be dragging out its death scene like a small-time actor relishing the moment.Publishers making the transition to HTML5 video ads, then, might still want to handle Flash video ads. To help ease the move, video ad tech firm Likqid Media is today announcing LKQD Fusion. The Foothill Ranch, California-based company offers video players, mediation and programmatic video ad serving and says it has about 250 clients.Fusion is designed to provide a communications and functional bridge between Flash and HTML5, so that a publisher can still access, manage and present either type of video ad, regardless of the tech they use to present video content.“If you’re tapping into any [programmatic] ads,” COO Scott Alexander told me, many are “still Flash-based.” He added that he had thought Flash was going to die out last fall.“No one [else] has created a communications bridge between the two,” he said.On June 30, Google stopped accepting Flash display ads into AdWords and DoubleClick Digital Marketing. On January 2 of next year, Flash display ads will no longer work on the Display Network or through DoubleClick.Google’s support for Flash on its Chrome browser will end when this calendar year does, except for a handful of the top Flash sites, and the other major browsers are similarly phasing out support for the technology.From our sponsors: Ad tech firm Likqid Media launches publisher solution that can handle either HTML5 or Flash video ads Ad tech firm Likqid Media launches publisher solution that can handle either HTML5 or Flash video adsYou are here: HomeDigital MarketingAd tech firm Likqid Media launches publisher solution that can handle either HTML5 or Flash video ads Posted on 21st July 2016Digital Marketing FacebookshareTwittertweetGoogle+share Related postsLytics now integrates with Google Marketing Platform to enable customer data-informed campaigns14th December 2019The California Consumer Privacy Act goes live in a few short weeks — Are you ready?14th December 2019ML 2019121313th December 2019Global email benchmark report finds email isn’t dead – it’s essential13th December 20192019 benchmark report: brand vs. non-brand traffic in Google Shopping12th December 2019Keep your LinkedIn advertising strategy focused in 202012th December 2019
While you’re here, we’d like you to consider subscribing to Pistols Firing and becoming a PFB+ member. It’s a big ask from us to you, but it also comes with a load of benefits like ad-free browsing (ads stink!), access to our premium room in The Chamber and monthly giveaways.The other thing it does is help stabilize our business into the future. As it turns out, sending folks on the road to cover games and provide 24/7 Pokes coverage like the excellent article you just read costs money. Because of our subscribers, we’ve been able to improve our work and provide the best OSU news and community anywhere online. Help us keep that up. Oklahoma State’s game at Kansas State has been announced as a 2:30 p.m. kickoff and will air on ABC.The Cowboys open up as three-point underdogs in Manhattan.Kansas State opens as a 3-point favorite vs. Oklahoma State in Manhattan ?— Max Olson (@max_olson) October 30, 2016While the Cowboys hold a 38-24 all-time record against the Wildcats, Mike Gundy is only 1-3 when coaching at Bill Snyder Family Football Stadium.