Psychedelic brew called ayahuasca could enhance creative thinking abilities

first_imgShare on Twitter Email Pinterest Share on Facebook A psychedelic brew known as ayahuasca may help people “think outside the box,” according to a new study published in the journal Psychopharmacology. But more research is needed.Ayahuasca has been used in the healing ceremonies of indigenous Amazon tribes for centuries. The psychoactive drink is traditionally prepared using plants which contain beta-carbolines such as harmaline and tryptamines like DMT.Researchers led by K. P. C. Kuypers of Maastricht University visited two spiritual ayahuasca-using groups to investigate the drug’s effect on divergent and convergent thinking. Divergent thinking describes the process of generating many possible solutions to a problem. Convergent thinking, on the other hand, refers to the process of narrowing down potential solutions to find one correct answer.center_img “Creative divergent thinking can enhance and strengthen psychological flexibility by allowing individuals to generate new and effective cognitive, emotional, and behavioral strategies on their own which helps them to adopt adaptive interpretations and coping styles,” the researchers explained.Kuypers and his colleagues recruited 26 participants for their study. These volunteers had all consumed ayahuasca previously.The participants first completed two creativity tasks designed to measure divergent and convergent thinking. About 3 hours later, they consumed ayahuasca in a dimly lit room while music played in the background. After waiting 2 hours for the drug to reach its peak, the participants completed the two creativity tasks again.Only one of the tests, the Picture Concept Task, indicated that ayahuasca produced changes in divergent and convergent thinking. The task required participants to find associations between a number of pictures that were aligned into rows.The researchers found that after consuming ayahuasca, the participants had a harder time finding the one correct association but were better at providing as many alternative answers as possible. Ayahuasca appeared to cause a decrease in conventional convergent thinking but enhance creative divergent thinking.There has been a renewal of interest in the therapeutic use of psychedelic drugs. The authors cautioned that their findings were preliminary, but said their study could have some implications for this line of research.“The present study has shown that ayahuasca promotes divergent thinking, an ability which has been shown to be an important aspect in cognitive therapy,” Kuypers and his colleagues concluded. “It can therefore be suggested that ayahuasca possesses qualities that can promote a therapeutic process. However, since convergent thinking is also a critical aspect in therapy, and the current findings show that ayahuasca impairs this facet during the acute phase, future studies have to investigate whether this effect profile changes over time.”They added: “Additional research utilizing a placebo-controlled experimental design, including additional creativity measures, is warranted, before results can be generalized.” Share LinkedInlast_img read more

AOM Milena Crew Unpaid for Over Two Months

first_imgThe crew of the bulk carrier AOM Milena, which is currently being chartered by British-Australian multinational metals and mining corporation Rio Tinto, have not been paid any wages for more than two months and are running short of food, the International Transport Workers’ Federation (ITF) said.This has been uncovered after the vessel with 21 seafarers on board docked in Gladstone. AOM Milena is hired by Rio Tinto to carry bauxite between mines in Weipa and Gove, and an aluminium refinery in Gladstone.The vessel operates under the ‘flag of convenience’ system, where it is registered in a port far from where it operates, allowing it to avoid stricter local laws and regulations, ITF said.The AOM Milena has Japanese owners, is operated out of Portugal, is crewed solely by workers from the Philippines, and is registered in Panama, despite currently transporting bauxite between several Australian ports.ITF’s national coordinator Dean Summers described the situation of the 21 crew as dire, saying they had received no wages since April, were running short on food supplies, and were being forced to live and work in filthy conditions.“Not content to employ seafarers from poverty-riddled nations on wages that amount to just $2 per hour, the operator of this ship has not paid a single cent in wages to these crew members since April,” Summers said.“The food situation is equally dire, with the crew given just $50 per day to buy food for 21 people ahead of the next leg of their planned voyage, where they will sail to Weipa to collect a load of Bauxite for Rio Tinto. “If Rio Tinto wanted to transport this bauxite by road or rail, they’d need to pay Australian minimum wages and adhere to Australian health and safety regulations, but because they transport it by sea they can avoid those requirements and slash costs.”Summers said the proposed changes to coastal shipping — introduced to the Federal Parliament by Transport Minister Warren Truss last month — would further deregulate the industry and allow the few remaining Australian-crewed vessels to be replaced by flag of convenience ships.“On the same day this crew sailed into Gladstone, the second last Australian-crewed oil tanker was told to depart Devonport and head to Singapore, where the crew was to be replaced by exploited foreign workers on as little as $2 an hour,” he said.last_img read more

Uncontrollable forces

first_imgSubscribe now for unlimited access Get your free guest access  SIGN UP TODAY To continue enjoying, sign up for free guest accessExisting subscriber? LOGIN Stay at the forefront of thought leadership with news and analysis from award-winning journalists. Enjoy company features, CEO interviews, architectural reviews, technical project know-how and the latest innovations.Limited access to industry news as it happensBreaking, daily and weekly e-newsletters Subscribe to Building today and you will benefit from:Unlimited access to all stories including expert analysis and comment from industry leadersOur league tables, cost models and economics dataOur online archive of over 10,000 articlesBuilding magazine digital editionsBuilding magazine print editionsPrinted/digital supplementsSubscribe now for unlimited access.View our subscription options and join our communitylast_img read more

ADR: RSVP or face costs sanctions

first_imgTo continue enjoying, sign up for free guest accessExisting subscriber? LOGIN Stay at the forefront of thought leadership with news and analysis from award-winning journalists. Enjoy company features, CEO interviews, architectural reviews, technical project know-how and the latest innovations.Limited access to industry news as it happensBreaking, daily and weekly e-newsletters Get your free guest access  SIGN UP TODAY Subscribe now for unlimited access Subscribe to Building today and you will benefit from:Unlimited access to all stories including expert analysis and comment from industry leadersOur league tables, cost models and economics dataOur online archive of over 10,000 articlesBuilding magazine digital editionsBuilding magazine print editionsPrinted/digital supplementsSubscribe now for unlimited access.View our subscription options and join our communitylast_img read more

South Caicos Fishermen returning home safe

first_imgFacebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsAppProvidenciales, 27 Aug 2015 – The missing South Caicos fishermen are found, thankfully. The TCI Police had launched and air and sea search and yesterday got the Bahamas Police force to join in the hunt for the pair who had been missing since Sunday. Police press officer, Audley Astwood reported to media that the men had been found drifting near Inagua in The Bahamas. The pair, including Jay Challingsworth will return home to the Turks and Caicos today. Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp South Caicos student new Junior Tourism Minister for TCI State of Emergency Declared for South Caicos Recommended for you Related Items:fishermen, inagua, Jay Challingsworth, south caicos Teen dies mysteriously in South Caicos, Police investigatelast_img read more

Fake Report on Social Media Concerning Bahamas Immigration Enforcement

first_imgFacebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp#Bahamas, November 18, 2017 – Nassau – We have become aware of a fake report circulating on social media which purports to communicate certain new rules related to Immigration Enforcement.Among its claims are that all Bahamians must now produce their Bahamian e-Passport upon demand; that foreigners must be able to produce passports with an entry stamp; and that spousal permits and residency certificates of foreign nationals will also be compulsorily examined.The message claims that accordingly, legal residents are being asked to have the relevant documents on their person at all times and that anyone who fails to comply be detained at the Carmichael Road Detention Centre.The message is totally false.   No new rules related to Immigration Enforcement have been issued: The public is assured that the Department of Immigration continues to reply on the Immigration Act to govern all of its operations.It is unfortunate that irresponsible individuals, under the cloak of anonymity, have sought to confuse and mislead the public.   Nevertheless, the Department of Immigration remains committed its mandate to regulate the movement of people across the borders of The Bahamas through the collaborative efforts of relevant government and private sector agencies both nationally and internationally.Press Release: BIS Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp Related Items:last_img read more

Syrians gather in capital in defiance after airstrikes

first_imgSyrian government supporters chant slogans against US president Trump during demonstrations following a wave of US, British and French military strikes to punish president Bashar Assad for suspected chemical attack against civilians, in Damascus, Syria on 14 April. Photo: AFPHundreds of Syrians gathered at landmark squares in the Syrian capital Saturday, honking their car horns, flashing victory signs and waving Syrian flags in scenes of defiance that followed unprecedented joint airstrikes by the United States, France and Britain.A few hours earlier, before sunrise, loud explosions jolted Damascus and the sky turned orange as Syrian air defence units fired surface-to-air missiles in response to three waves of military strikes meant to punish president Bashar Assad for his alleged use of chemical weapons.Associated Press reporters saw smoke rising from east Damascus and what appeared to be a fire light up the sky. From a distance, US missiles hitting suburbs of the capital sounded like thunder. Shortly after the one-hour attack ended, vehicles with loudspeakers roamed the streets of Damascus blaring nationalist songs.”Good souls will not be humiliated,” Syria’s presidency tweeted after the airstrikes began.Immediately after the attack, hundreds of residents began gathering in the landmark Omayyad square of the Syrian capital. Many waved Syrian, Russian and Iranian flags. Some clapped their hands and danced, other drove in convoys, honking their horns in defiance.”We are your men, Bashar,” they shouted.Syrian state TV broadcast live from the square where a large crowd of civilians mixed with men in uniforms, including an actor, lawmakers and other figures.”Good morning steadfastness,” one broadcaster said.US president Donald Trump announced Friday night that the three allies had launched military strikes to punish Syrian Assad for alleged chemical weapons use and to prevent him from doing it again.  Trump said Washington is prepared to “sustain” pressure on Assad until he ends what the president called a criminal pattern of killing his own people with internationally banned chemical weapons.The Syrian government has repeatedly denied any use of banned weapons. A fact-finding team of inspectors from the international chemical weapons watchdog was in Damascus and had been expected to head to the town of Douma on Saturday, scene of the suspected chemical weapons attack that killed more than 40 people.Syrian TV said three civilians were wounded in one of the US-led strikes on a military base in Homs, although the attack was aborted by derailing the incoming missile. It said another attack with “a number of missiles” targeting a scientific research centre destroyed a building and caused other material damage but no human losses. The network says the building in the research centre included an educational centre and labs.It said earlier that the attacks targeted a scientific research centre in Barzeh, near Damascus, and an army depot near Homs.Syrian media reported that air defences had hit 13 incoming rockets south of Damascus. It said theThe attack began at 4:00am (0100 GMT) with missiles hitting the eastern suburbs of Damascus, shaking the grounds from a distance. The sky looked orange over eastern Damascus apparently as a result of fires caused by the missiles hitting Syria. Air defence units fired surface-to-air missiles from different directions toward incoming missiles.At about sunrise, the sound of explosions could be heard just as the loudspeakers from the city’s mosques called for morning prayers.A car with loudspeakers blaring the national song “Oh Syria, You Are My Love” could be heard driving through central Damascus amid the attack.Syrian TV called the attacks a “blatant violation of international law and shows contempt for international legitimacy.”US defence secretary James Mattis said there were no reports of US losses during the initial airstrikes.”Right now this is a one-time shot,” he said but did not rule out further attacks. He said the airstrikes were launched against several sites that helped provide Assad’s ability to create chemical weapons.Britain’s defence ministry said that while the effectiveness of the strike is still being analyzed, “initial indications are that the precision of the Storm Shadow weapons and meticulous target planning have resulted in a successful attack.”British prime minister Theresa May describes the attack as neither “about intervening in a civil war” nor “about regime change” but a limited and targeted strike that “does not further escalate tensions in the region” and does everything possible to prevent civilian casualties.”We would have preferred an alternative path. But on this occasion there is none,” May said.The decision to strike, after days of deliberations, marked Trump’s second order to attack Syria; he authorized a barrage of Tomahawk cruise missiles to hit a single Syrian airfield in April 2017 in retaliation for Assad’s use of sarin gas against civilians.Trump chastised Syria’s two main allies, Russia and Iran, for their roles in supporting “murderous dictators,” and noted that Russian president Vladimir Putin had guaranteed a 2013 international agreement for Assad to get rid of all of his chemical weapons. He called on Moscow to change course and join the West in seeking a more responsible regime in Damascus.Russia’s US embassy released a statement warning that the airstrikes will “not be left without consequences.” It said that “all responsibility” rests with Washington, London and Paris.The allied operation comes a year after a US missile strike that Trump said was meant to deter Assad from further use of chemical weapons. Since that did not work, a more intense attack would aim to degrade his ability to carry out further such attacks, and would try to do this by hitting Syrian aircraft, military depots and chemical facilities, among other things.The one-off missile strike in April 2017 targeted the airfield from which the Syrian aircraft had launched their gas attack. But the damage was limited, and a defiant Assad returned to episodic use of chlorine and perhaps other chemicals.Friday’s strikes appear to signal Trump’s willingness to draw the United States more deeply into the Syrian conflict. The participation of British and French forces enables Trump to assert a wider international commitment against the use of chemical weapons, but the multi-pronged attack carries the risk of Russian retaliation.In his nationwide address, Trump stressed that he has no interest in a longtime fight with Syria.”America does not seek an indefinite presence in Syria under no circumstances,” he said. “As other nations step up their contributions, we look forward to the day when we can bring our warriors home.”The US has about 2,000 troops on the ground in Syria as advisers to a makeshift group of anti-Islamic State fighters known as the Syrian Democratic Forces. They are in eastern Syria, far from Damascus. A US-led coalition has been conducting airstrikes in Syria since September 2014 as part of a largely successful effort to break the IS grip on both Syria and Iraq.last_img read more

DUCSU polls voting begins

first_imgDU students queue for casting their vote in DUCSU election on Monday. Photo: UNBThe voting of the much awaited Dhaka University’s central students’ union, known as DUCSU (Dhaka University Central Students’ Union) and hall unions polls began on Monday morning, reports UNB.The voting has begun at 8:00am which will continue until 2:00pm without any break.A total of 43,256 DU students, including 16,292 females and 26,964 males, will exercise their right to franchise in the six-hour voting.The university authorities have already taken all the necessary steps to conduct the polls in a festive manner after a frantic electioneering by all the major student organisations.A total of 229 candidates are vying for the 25 posts of DUCSU.Among them, 21 are vying for vice president while 14 for general secretary, and 13 for assistant general secretary.Besides, 11 candidates are vying for the Liberation War secretary post, while nine each for the science and technology secretary and common room and cafeteria secretary posts, 11 for the international affairs secretary post, 8 for the literary secretary post, 12 for the cultural secretary post, 11 for the sports secretary post, 10 for the student transport secretary post, 14 for the social welfare secretary post, and 86 for aspirants for the member posts.In the hall union elections, a total of 509 aspirants are in race for 13 positions in each of 18 residential halls of the university.According to the university administration a total of 508 polling booths have been set in 18 residential dorms for the voting.Among them,  25 polling booths have been set up at Jagannath Hall while 20 at Dr Muhammad Shahidullah Hal, 30 at  Haji Muhammad Mohsin Hall, 35 each at Shamsunnahar Hall, Salimullah Muslim Hall and Fazlul Huq Muslim Hall, 32 at Master Da Surja Sen Hall, 22 at Zahurul Haq Hall, 20 at Muktijoddha Ziaur Rahman Hall, 50 at Ruqayyah Hall, 20 each at Kabi Jasimuddin Hall, Amar Ekushey Hall and Bangamata Sheikh Fazilatunnesa Mujib Hall , 16 at AF Rahman Hall, 24 at Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Hall, 19 at Bangladesh-Kuwait Maitree Hall, 45 at Kabi Sufia Kamal Hall and 40 at Bijoy Ekattar Hall.Meanwhile, Dhaka Metropolitan Police imposed a restriction on movement of outsiders and vehicles on DU campus for 24 hours from 6:00pm on Sunday ahead of the pollsThe last election to DUCSU was held on 6 July, 1990.  In the last 28 years, the Dhaka University students could not cast their votes for selecting their representatives as the election process was closed.last_img read more

Little Melvin Williams the Good Bad Otherwise Infamous Baltimore Drug Lord Dies

first_imgIt was April 1968 and Baltimore was ablaze. Revered civil rights leader the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was dead, killed by an assassin’s bullet on April 4, and the city’s Black residents released their anger in a flood of looting, vandalism and fire.Into that maelstrom, an unlikely hero stepped up to stem the tide of unrest—notorious drug kingpin Melvin Williams.“Little Melvin (as he was best known) had talked to some of the guys to come together,” Clarence Mitchell recalled in an April 2008 AFRO article. “The hustlers of the day came from East Baltimore, they came from South Baltimore and they came from West Baltimore and they made appeals to the communities that they came from to stop the riots. The next day the riots had stopped.”The incident would become another highpoint in the urban legend of Little Melvin, a saga that ended Dec. 3, when he died at the age of 73 at the University of Maryland Medical Center. Friends said he suffered from cancer, The Baltimore Sun reported.Williams was known as the heroin king of Baltimore, who amassed a fortune while building a drug enterprise that stretched across West Baltimore in the 1960s. His rise to infamy inspired HBO’s “The Wire” and was chronicled in documentaries such as the BET series “American Gangster.”“Melvin Williams is a Baltimore 20th century legend,” said the Rev. Frank Reid III, pastor of Bethel AME Church in Baltimore, on “American Gangster.”Born in Baltimore’s City Hospital on Dec. 14, 1941, Williams was raised by his parents, a cab driver and nurse’s aide, on Madison Avenue. He attended Garnet Elementary School but dropped out of high school in the 11th grade.By that time, the boy with a genius I.Q. had already proven to be a prodigy in the gambling dens that littered Pennsylvania Avenue during its hey-day, winning thousands from gang members and crime bosses by the time he was 12, according to several documentaries. He then transitioned to a full life of crime under the auspices of Jewish gangster Julius Salisbury.By the time Williams was 15, he was already a millionaire, according to “Life in the Game,” a documentary on his life. In a 2012 video posted on YouTube, Williams claimed he had sold more than $1 billion worth of narcotics in his lifetime. And, at one time, his criminal organization was responsible for more than 25 percent of all murders in Baltimore, according to a 1987 newspaper series by David Simon, the creator of “The Wire.”Williams was known for running a sophisticated enterprise. He himself cast a dapper figure. For example, for his 11th court appearance in his much delayed trial for drug and weapons charges stemming from a March 8, 1967 incident, the AFRO described Williams as wearing a “smartly tailored black summer suit and a rose-colored shirt and pink, beige, black and blue striped tie.”Despite his smarts, however, he was not able to elude the law.“I consider you a big fish in the nefarious traffic of slow death,” Criminal Court Judge Anselm Sodaro told Williams in a July 1968 court appearance, before sentencing him to 12 years in prison for possession of narcotics, selling heroin and possession of a firearm in the March 1967 incident.At the time, Williams told the AFRO he was framed by a narcotics detective known for previously perjuring himself.Baltimore police officer Edward Burns—who would later become a writer for “The Wire,”—was able to conduct a successful investigation against, Williams, however. According to a Dec. 1, 1984 AFRO article, Williams was arrested when federal and state law enforcement conducted a raid of his Park Avenue “fortress” and seized guns, $54,000 Bugatti car, $250,000 worth of diamonds, furs and other jewelry and almost $300,000 in cash. The drug kingpin spent several years in prison, and was released in 2003.Williams emerged a different man after “finding God,” in prison, according to The Sun. “Sometime in my fifties I became aware that there was a God in charge, and not a Melvin,” he was cited as saying in a 2003 court appearance before U.S. District Judge Marvin J. Garbis.Several persons, including Rev. Reid whose church Williams attended, said the reformed criminal spent his later years counselling gang members and other young people about staying away from drugs and violence and otherwise tried to uplift his community.Williams is survived by his wife, Mary Williams; and two daughters.‘Little Melvin’ Hires High-Powered Team of Lawyers While in The Pen’ (May 20, 1968)“‘Little Melvin’ Machine Gun Case Set for Sept. 9” (August 10, 1968)Feds Get ‘Lil’ Melvin’s $54,000 car, $250,000 Worth of Diamonds and Furs’ (December 1, 1984)He Could Get Put Away for 38 Years (January 1, 1985)last_img read more

Hairstyling mistakes to avoid on wedding day

first_imgDon’t pick a hairstyle randomly, consult a stylist and don’t go overboard with hair accessories on your wedding day, says an expert. An expert points out hairstyling mistakes to avoid on your wedding day:* Knowing everything about your hair is the first thing you need to keep in mind while getting a right hair style for that big day. Do not choose the style randomly just because your favourite actress wore the same hair style on her wedding. Know the length and texture of your hair and avoid loud hair colours for the day.  Also Read – Add new books to your shelf* You should always speak to the stylist about the hairstyle that would complement your facial structure and can give it a try to see how it looks on you. He is a professional who knows everything about hair and can help you to achieve the desired hairstyle. * It is good to get a haircut before the marriage ceremony as it will allow your hair to settle by the wedding day. But be sure to do this at least a few weeks before. Getting a haircut right ahead of the day won’t give them enough time and it becomes very difficult for your stylist to fix tiny hair on hairline which would then get highlighted.  Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsive* Being simple is the key for the perfect hairstyle for the wedding. Go with the accessories that complement your dress. In case you plan on using fresh flowers, then make sure they stay fresh.* The styling products are designed to enhance and hold your hairstyle. Overusing of such products would lead to sticky and crunchy hair. And no one likes to have such hair on the wedding day. * Using shampoo and hair conditioner on your wedding day is a big no. The shampoo and conditioner make hair soft and silky, making it difficult to style and stay in place.last_img read more