NEW YORK—At last year’s New York Magazine Day, the line between church-and-state—and how it could, and should, be blurred—dominated the discussion.At this year’s annual conference, held at the Marriot Marquis in Times Square Tuesday, talk of Twitter, Facebook, MySpace, print—and more Twitter—ruled the day.“There’s probably someone in this room Twittering what we’re saying right now,” said one advertising panelist during a discussion of the infinite choices media consumers have in 2009. Click here to read FOLIO:’s live Twitter updates from New York Magazine Day The appeal of social media, from an advertising perspective, is clear, said Sarah Fay, CEO of Aegis Media North America. When it comes to brands, Fay said, “the consumer has much more credibility than a marketer” does.Wenda Harris Millard, president and co-CEO at Martha Stewart Living Omnimedia, admitted the magazine industry underestimated social media. “Fifteen years ago, we knew the consumer was in control, but we didn’t take it far enough,” she said. “We didn’t anticipate the consumer creating content to the degree they have.”She added: “The ‘rise of the bloggers’ [would have] sounded like a horror movie.”More than 300 attendees—mostly women, a majority from advertising agencies—were registered for the one-day event. (Last year, the conference drew more than 700 attendees.)Pitching Ad Execs Millard and the rest of the magazine publishers in attendance were ostensibly there to give their sales pitch to the agencies. “Simply put,” Millard conceded, “advertising cannot support all the media that is out there.”Jayne Jamison, vice president and publisher of Seventeen magazine, described the relationship between print and Seventeen’s Web site like having a “friend with benefits.” Jamison also differentiated the community of readers using its Web site from MySpace in terms of engagement. “Girls aren’t going on MySpace to talk about their weight, their acne, their period,” she said. “They come to us for that.”When talk did turn to print, it was more about how the medium has been devalued in the eyes advertisers.“I’m deeply concerned (ad buyers) are devaluing media at a time when innovation is actually increasing,” said Jeff Hamill, senior vice president of ad sales at Hearst Magazines.Robin Domeniconi, a vice president at Microsoft Advertising and a former longtime Time Inc. executive, lamented the negative connotation associated with shifting print strategy. “Going ‘online only’ has become a euphemism for ‘folding.’”
The United States’ recent announcement recognising Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and move to transfer of US embassy to Jerusalem from Tel Aviv may trigger grave consequences, said Dhaka.It expressed apprehensions that Washington’s decision might arise as threats to international peace by inflaming the Muslim world and raising new waves of tension.Bangladesh’s permanent representative to the UN ambassador Masud Bin Momen iterated Dhaka’s position, addressing a meeting of the Committee on the Exercise of the Inalienable Rights of the Palestinian People at UN headquarter on Thursday, reports UNB.He added that such announcement might trigger hostility and violent extremism in the already volatile region of the Middle East as well as other parts of the world.Ambassador Masud expressed his deep concern at this announcement and said, “It would impose Israeli control over the holy city of East Jerusalem and contribute to changing its historical and legal status, its demographic structure and historic Arab-Islamic character.”He reiterated Bangladesh position in favour of establishing the State of Palestine on the basis of the 1967 borders, with East Jerusalem as its capital.He said Bangladesh stresses on preserving the legal status of Jerusalem within the framework of relevant UN resolutions.Ambassador Masud urged all parties concerned to take a pragmatic approach to the Middle East Process in reaching a two-state solution for peace and stability in the region.He mentioned that Bangladesh’s President recently attended the sixth extraordinary OIC summit held in Istanbul on December 13 to show solidarity with the Palestinian people at this critical juncture.The permanent representative of Senegal, ambassador Fode Seck, chaired the meeting while the permanent Observer of the State of Palestine to the UN, ambassador Riyad H Mansour delivered his statement among others.The unilateral, irresponsible and reckless decision of USA regarding the status of Jerusalem is a clear violation of International Law, said ambassador Riyad H Mansour.He praised the diplomatic efforts made by several member states at UN, particularly in the Security Council condemning the US decision and supporting the peace process in Middle East.In his statement, permanent representative of Turkey ambassador Feridun Hadi Sinirlioglu made brief remarks on the recent extraordinary OIC summit of Istanbul convened by Turkish president Recep Tayyip Erdoğan on this issue.
Prothom Alo IllustrationAn alleged drug trader and an accused in a gang rape case were killed in what the law enforcenment called ‘gunfights’ in Sadar and Fulbaria upazilas in Mymensingh early Monday.The deceased were identified as Jony Mia, 26 and Jahirul Islam, 20.Shah Kamal Akanda, officer-in-charge of sadar police station, said on secret information that a group of drug peddlers were gathering in the area police conducted a drive in Charpuliamari area of sadar upazila at 12:00am.Sensing the presence of the law enforcers, the drug peddlers opened fire on them, forcing them to fire back in self-defence.Police later recovered injured Jony and took him to Mymensingh Medical College Hospital where doctors declared him dead. Jony was accused in 11 cases and three of them are over drugs, the OC added.Meanwhile, on secret information, police launched a drive to arrest an accused in a gang-rape case at Kaladaha in Fulbaria upazila at 2:30am.Sensing the presence of police at Eidgaon ground area, the accused along with three others first hurled bricks and stones and later started firing on them indiscriminately, prompting the law enforcers to fire back in self-defence, triggering a gunfight.Police recovered Jahirul’s bullet-hit from the spot and took to Mymensingh Medical College Hospital where doctors declared him dead.Jahirul and two others were accused in a case over gang raping a 16-year-old girl on 3 August at Palashtoli village in Fulbaria upazila.According to the human rights organisation, Ain o Salish Kendra (ASK), at least 421 people were killed in alleged gunfights, crossfires or shootouts with the law enforcement agencies in 2018.In the first four months of 2019, the number of such killing was at least 115, the rights body said on its website.
Share Graphic by Emily Albracht for The Texas TribuneTexas Republican voter opinion turned against the FBI and special counsel Robert Mueller even before last week’s mass shooting in a Florida high school and indictments of Russian propagandists who tried to influence American elections, according to the latest University of Texas/Texas Tribune Poll.It’s a peculiar position for a party known for its strong law-and-order positions. Only 14 percent of Texas Republicans approve of the way Mueller is handing the investigation of Russian interference in the 2016 elections, while 60 percent disapprove. And only 27 percent said they have a favorable impression of the FBI, while 48 percent of those Republican respondents said they have an unfavorable opinion.“Since when do Republicans dislike the FBI?” asked Daron Shaw, co-director of the poll and a professor of government at the University of Texas at Austin. “This is pure party.”The poll was conducted before a former student killed 17 people at a Florida high school on Valentine’s Day, and before news reports that the FBI and Florida social services officials had not acted on tips and other signs that the killer was dangerous and had access to weapons. Democrats, meanwhile, were a bit less positive on the FBI last year — with 51 favorable and 15 percent unfavorable — than they were in the latest survey.Most Texans say they’ve heard about the investigations into Russian efforts to influence the 2016 presidential elections; only 2 percent say they have heard nothing at all, and only 12 percent say they have not heard very much.They are split, largely along partisan lines, when asked whether the outcome of that election was influenced by Russia. Overall, 40 percent believe it was and 46 percent do not. Among Democrats, 77 percent believe Russians succeeded in influencing the outcome, while only 9 percent of Republicans do. Only 9 percent of Democrats believe the Russian efforts fell short, while 81 percent of Republicans said the Russians were unsuccessful.Was there any coordination between the Trump campaign and Russia? Texans split 41 percent to 44 percent on that question, but the partisan differences drive the numbers. Among Democrats, 77 percent think there was coordination, while 81 percent of Republicans believe there was not coordination.Voters from the two parties disagree strongly about the reasons for the investigations, too. What looks like an even split overall — 43 percent to 43 percent — masks deep partisan differences.More than three-quarters of Democratic voters (77 percent) said the inquiries about the 2016 election are “mostly efforts to investigate potential foreign interference in a U.S. election.” But the same percentage of Republicans believe “they’re mostly efforts to discredit Donald Trump’s presidency.”The University of Texas/Texas Tribune internet survey of 1,200 registered voters was conducted from Feb. 1 to Feb. 12 and has an overall margin of error of +/- 2.83 percentage points. Numbers in charts might not add up to 100 percent because of rounding. And the survey was completed before the grand jury indictments of 13 Russians and an organization called the Internet Research Agency as part of Mueller’s investigation.Overall, 38 percent of Texas registered voters approve of Mueller’s investigation and 36 percent do not. Unlike their Republican counterparts, 66 percent of Texas Democrats approve of the probe while only 10 percent do not. About a quarter of all voters — as well as of Republican voters and of Democratic voters — said they have either a neutral or no opinion about it.Overall, 42 percent of Texas voters have a favorable opinion of the FBI, while 31 percent have an unfavorable opinion and 27 percent have either a neutral opinion or none at all. Democratic voters were positive overall, with 64 percent favorable and 12 percent unfavorable. Only 27 percent of Republicans have favorable opinions of the FBI, while 48 percent said they hold unfavorable opinions.“The deeply partisan view of everything involving Trump and Russia — even with a national law enforcement agency — is pretty striking,” said Jim Henson, co-director of the poll and head of the Texas Politics Project at UT-Austin. “The most striking number here is the movement in attitude about the FBI in less than a year.”Those numbers have changed significantly since a June 2017 UT/TT Poll in which 44 percent of Texas voters gave the FBI good marks and 27 had negative opinions of the agency. At that time, voters in both parties were more favorably disposed than they were in the more recent survey: 43 percent of Republicans gave the FBI favorable marks, while 35 percent of Republicans said their opinions were unfavorable.“It’s not driven by the base,” said Josh Blank, manager of polling research at the Texas Politics Project at UT-Austin. “Non-Tea Party Republicans are the big change.”
Share Carol Guzy/ZUMA PressWhen Hurricane Maria devastated Puerto Rico in September 2017, the island lacked the financial resources to make a fast recovery on its own.Before Hurricane Maria hit last September, Puerto Rico was battered by the forces of another storm — a financial storm.The island’s own government borrowed billions of dollars to pay its bills, a practice that Puerto Rico’s current governor, Ricardo Rosselló, now calls “a big Ponzi scheme.”But it didn’t fall into financial ruin all on its own: Wall Street kept pushing the Puerto Rican government’s loans even as the island teetered on default, with a zeal that bank insiders are now describing with words like “unethical” and “immoral.”NPR and the PBS series Frontline spent seven months looking into Puerto Rico’s difficult recovery from Hurricane Maria. And beneath the storm damage we found the damage from those economic forces, triggered by a government desperate for cash and banks and investment houses on Wall Street that made millions off that desperation. Some of those banks found ways to make even more money that risked the financial future of not only the island but thousands of residents as well.Carol Guzy/ZUMA PressJaime Degraff sits outside on Sept. 23, 2017, as he waits for the Puerto Rican electrical grid to be fixed after Hurricane Maria. The island is still struggling with power outages.‘Puerto Rico Is In Dire Need’Riding up the rickety elevator to the top of the Palo Seco power plant just outside San Juan, this convergence of natural and economic forces was apparent. As engineers fought to turn the plant back on and restore electricity to the island, weeds and rusted steel revealed decades of government neglect.“There are elements that have not been replaced in years,” said José Sánchez, then the head of power grid restoration for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. “Puerto Rico is in dire need, not only of power plants but a reconstruction of the grid itself.”And it wasn’t just the power grid. Water pumping stations, bridges, levees, roads — all had been starved for investment for years. Even people’s homes weren’t as strong as they should have been. Before the storm, the island could afford only five building code inspectors, for a population of 3.5 million people.Banks involved in Puerto Rican finances declined NPR and Frontline‘s requests for an interview but said in statements that they have done nothing but try to help Puerto Rico when it was in need of money.One thing that is clear: The island needed more help than it got.“We’ve gone through not only Maria, but we’ve gone through the financial crisis,” said top Puerto Rican banker Carlos Capacete. “It doesn’t end. And there’s no help coming. In the financial crisis, [Puerto Ricans] are the ones left holding the bag here. There was no life raft in the plane.”‘Down The Rabbit Hole’It wasn’t always this dire. For decades, Puerto Rico’s economy was booming. A special tax break on the island lured in pharmaceutical companies and manufacturers.Then in 1996 Congress started phasing out the tax break, and a decade later the island spun into recession. Rather than cut spending to make up for declining tax revenue, the Puerto Rican government went the other way. It borrowed money.“When you start borrowing long term just to pay next month’s payroll you know you are going down the rabbit hole,” said Sergio Marxuach, the policy director for the nonprofit Center for a New Economy in Puerto Rico.“It was crazy,” he said. “The government was borrowing at an incredible clip.”Like most governments, Puerto Rico preferred to borrow money through the sale of bonds. The island would take an investor’s money and essentially give him an IOU — a promise to pay the money back with interest. Investors liked the deal because they could earn that interest tax-free.Banks liked the deal too. They stepped in to structure the bonds and find buyers — often pension funds, retirement accounts, maybe the bank’s own investment clients — all in exchange for fees.“Fund managers, they will not admit this now, but when Puerto Rico was selling debt like pancakes, they loved Puerto Rico debt,” Marxuach said. “You would put … these Puerto Rico bonds into your portfolio and since they had slightly higher interest rates and no taxes attached to them, you immediately looked like a genius. You just bumped up the entire return.”“So that’s your bonus,” he added. “That’s your new Mercedes, your new yacht.”NPR and Frontline talked with more than a dozen bankers, advisers and brokers involved in Puerto Rican bonds who described a fast pace of moneymaking and competition, and politicians desperate for an influx of cash.“All the major banks in New York would come to Puerto Rico on a regular basis to pitch deals,” said Capacete, a former branch manager for UBS, the largest broker-dealer in Puerto Rico. “They make commissions. They make fees. This is kind of like a moneymaking machine. As long as there are transactions coming and going, they’re making a ton of money.”But Capacete said that in 2011, he and other bankers started realizing what many bond investors hadn’t yet figured out: Puerto Rico was in trouble. There was too much debt. And instead of moving away from bonds — and keeping the shaky investments out of their clients’ portfolios — Capacete says the opposite happened. He said banks pushed brokers to sell more bonds.Many of the bonds were specifically designed to be sold to Puerto Ricans, packaged into special funds that were less transparent than anything regulators would allow on the mainland. Regulations against things such as banks recommending their own bond deals to investors didn’t apply on the island.According to court records filed in the aftermath of the island’s economic calamity, brokers sold thousands of Puerto Ricans these special funds. This left hundreds of millions of dollars of the island’s wealth concentrated in increasingly tenuous investments — at the worst possible time.And then, Capacete says, he learned it was even worse than it looked. He says a client warned him that some brokers on the island were pushing Puerto Rican investors — who already had so much of their retirement or personal savings in these special funds — to borrow still more money, and invest that in the funds too. He says he sent emails complaining to the bank.“It’s unethical, it’s against the banks’ regulations and it puts the client in a really, really tough risk situation,” Capacete said.UBS declined NPR and Frontline‘s request for an interview but said the loan terms were fully disclosed to clients and that Capacete is a disgruntled former employee who has sued the bank. The bank said the loan program as a whole did not violate financial regulations, but that it had fired the one broker it discovered had been using the program incorrectly. And it pointed to a separate case where federal regulators determined the bank had not misled its customers.Eventually federal regulators investigated and found the bank should have had a system in place to prevent the practice. They fined UBS $34 million for the loan scheme and other problems. They also fined UBS and four other banks for putting clients at risk in the special Puerto Rican funds.The party came to an end for investors in 2013. Bond prices tanked. All those thousands of investors tied up in the same Puerto Rican funds were in serious trouble, and those who had taken out additional loans suddenly had to cover them.Within months, hundreds of millions of dollars in Puerto Rican wealth was wiped out. Rating agencies downgraded Puerto Rican bonds to junk.Looking back, Rosselló said at this point in the financial crisis it seemed like “the government of Puerto Rico was run as a big Ponzi scheme.”“What you had was essentially a black box of a government running, that had no clarity as to what was being borrowed and or what was being spent,” Rosselló said in an interview with NPR and Frontline.‘The Banks Get Out’Once again, at a time when you might think Puerto Rico and the banks would turn away from the bond business, they did the opposite. In 2014, Puerto Rico and a group of banks teamed up for another bond deal. At $3.5 billion, it was the largest municipal junk bond offering in U.S. history.Puerto Rican officials told NPR and Frontline they needed the cash to make payroll.But some bankers and brokers, several of whom worked on the deal, described the 2014 bond as more than just a bond deal. They said it was also an exit strategy for the banks.Government records show banks had been lending Puerto Rico hundreds of millions of dollars and making other investments there in the years before the financial troubles began. And according to bond documents from the 2014 deal, nearly a quarter of the entire bond went to those banks.Almost $900 million raised from the bond issue didn’t go to Puerto Ricans — or even to keep the government afloat — but instead went to pay back loans, pay fees or eliminate risk of banks directly involved in putting the deal together.Barclays, which led the bond deal, received almost $500 million; Banco Santander received $99 million; JPMorgan, $74 million; Morgan Stanley, $24 million; among others.Neither Barclays nor any of the other banks involved in the deal would agree to an interview. In statements, banks said that they fully disclosed their financial stake in the deal and did not influence how Puerto Rico used the money. Morgan Stanley noted that it also extended Puerto Rico $250 million in credit after the bond.Axel Rivera, who worked at Morgan Stanley as a bond broker and financial adviser when the deal was done, said as the island got closer to default, banks were getting nervous.“They had much more [debt] than they wanted and they needed to unwind that,” Rivera said, adding that the bond deal allowed them to do that.“The banks get out, and everybody else gets stuck with the bill,” Rivera said. “Most of the general public didn’t understand what was going on. The darkness of this bond deal made a lot of people in Wall Street happy, but it was immoral in many ways.”Fifteen months later, Puerto Rico announced it couldn’t pay its debt. The island was broke.The bond funds crashed. Many Puerto Rican investors lost savings, retirement funds or their pensions. The government started closing hospitals. There was little money to shore up bridges or strengthen the electrical grid.And then, on Sept. 20, 2017, a Category 4 hurricane came barreling into Puerto Rico. The island was left to face the wrath of the storm in a place starved of investment for years by a government that had to borrow to pay its bills.PBS Frontline‘s Emma Schwartz, Kate McCormick and Rick Young contributed to this report.Copyright 2018 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.
Citation: Making Quantum Behavior Observable Using Optical Levitation (2010, January 26) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2010-01-quantum-behavior-optical-levitation.html Physicists propose quantum entanglement for motion of microscopic objects In the new study, Chang and his coauthors have proposed a novel approach in which one isolates the system from the environment to such a degree that re-heating becomes a very inefficient process, even when the environment sits at room temperature. In this scheme, isolation is achieved by optically levitating an entire nano-mechanical system inside an optical cavity, which removes direct contact of the system with any other material. An optical cavity consists of an arrangement of mirrors that confines light inside of it by repeatedly reflecting the light waves off the mirrors. The force from the light is powerful enough to counteract the force of gravity, creating an optical trap that can suspend small, light-weight objects inside the cavity.The researchers calculated that an optically levitated silica nanosphere can be optically self-cooled to its ground state starting from room temperature. In this scenario, the nanosphere would interact with two optical modes of the cavity. One mode would provide an optical trap for the sphere, while a second, weaker mode would provide a radiation pressure cooling force. The scientists explain that this system is an extreme example of environmental isolation in which the nanosphere is mechanically isolated as well as thermally decoupled from its surroundings. In fact, the isolation is so good that quantum mechanical effects should be able to persist for times much longer than in conventional nano-mechanical systems, even those in cryogenic environments. While ground-state cooling should also be achievable in the near future with other systems, the scientists believe that the levitated system is an elegant example of how quantum effects can emerge and be robust even at room temperature. For example, the scientists predict that quantum entanglement initially shared between two light modes could be transferred onto the motion of two nanospheres trapped in separate cavities, which could then be observed. Other potential applications include exploring fundamental material limits, investigating nanoscale properties, and realizing novel quantum hybrid architectures.“There are a number of potential applications for quantum opto-mechanical systems,” Chang said. “One can imagine coupling such systems to other quantum systems to enable tasks such as quantum information transfer or quantum state manipulation. For example, work along these lines has been done by Dan Rugar at IBM, who has pioneered techniques to detect single electron spins in solid-state environments using opto-mechanics. It is also possible that opto-mechanical systems can be used as a novel platform for realizing nonlinear optical processes, by suitable manipulation of the interaction between light and mechanical motion.” Explore further The researchers, Darrick E. Chang, et al., from institutions in the US and Austria, are publishing their study in an upcoming issue of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. A similar proposal has simultaneously been put forth by researchers at the Max Planck Institute in Garching, Germany.“Over the next several years, there will be a concerted effort by a number of groups worldwide to observe and manipulate quantum behavior in progressively larger and more complex mechanical systems,” Chang, from the California Institute of Technology, told PhysOrg.com. “A major obstacle is the interaction between these systems and their environments, which tends to ‘leak away’ the quantum nature of these systems and return them to classical states. We’ve proposed a technique that can allow these interactions to be dramatically suppressed, by using optical forces to levitate such systems and remove them from any direct contact with material surroundings. We have shown in detail that this enables quantum behavior to emerge in the case of a levitated nanosphere, but we anticipate that these ideas can also be applied to a wide class of other systems and over a large range of system size scales.”As the scientists explain, in order to make a system’s quantum behavior observable, the system must be actively cooled to temperatures much colder than the surrounding environment. A key challenge to this cooling is overcoming the tendency of the environment to re-heat the system back to the ambient temperature. One possible solution is to work in cryogenic environments where the ambient temperature itself is reduced, an approach that is being taken by a number of groups worldwide. “Using cryogenic setups is certainly a viable approach to reduce the effects of the environment,” Chang said. “As one attempts to observe more exotic quantum effects and use larger systems, however, it is likely that moving to cryogenic environments alone will not be sufficient. This motivates the search for other techniques to suppress environmental interactions, which can be applied as an alternative or in conjunction with cryogenics.” This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Copyright 2010 PhysOrg.com. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed in whole or part without the express written permission of PhysOrg.com. More information: D. E. Chang, et al. “Cavity opto-mechanics using an optically levitated nanosphere.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. doi:10.1073/pnas.0912969107 A dielectric sphere trapped in an optical cavity can enable quantum behavior to emerge. The large trapping beam intensity (red) provides an optical potential that traps the sphere near an antinode. A second, weaker cavity mode (green) cools the motion of the sphere. Image credit: D. E. Chang, et al. (PhysOrg.com) — Perhaps one of the biggest challenges of modern physics is figuring out how to realize and take advantage of strange quantum behaviors in progressively larger and more complex systems. Progress along this front is expected to shed insight into the nature of quantum mechanics and lead to many novel applications. With this goal in mind, scientists have recently proposed a unique approach that involves optically levitating a nano-mechanical system in order to cool it to its quantum ground state, where the amount of motion of the system reaches the fundamental minimum set by intrinsic quantum fluctuations.
Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology (KIIT) Deemed to be University, is among a handful of Indian institutions to enter World University Impact Rankings 2019 of the Times Higher Education (THE).The first edition of the Times Higher Education World University Impact Rankings 2019 was released on April 3, 2019 and includes more than 450 universities from 76 countries. The rankings assess universities against the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Also Read – Add new books to your shelfKIIT Deemed to be University is the only self-financing university from eastern India and Odisha to enter this prestigious global university ranking that aims to measure an institution’s impact on society based on its success in meeting the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). According to the ranking report, KIIT has been rated high on sustainable development parameters such as Reduced Inequalities (SDG 10), Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions (SDG 16), Partnership for Goals (SDG 17) and Quality Education (SDG 4). Also Read – Over 2 hours screen time daily will make your kids impulsiveSustainable Development Goals, adopted by the UN in 2016, provide a framework for developing the world in a sustainable way. In terms of other parameters, KIIT has got 101-200 position with respect to Reduced Inequalities; 201+ in Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions and 301+ in Quality Education. Overall it has got 301+ position globally in impact rankings. KIIT is just twenty-two years old as an institution for professional education (1997) and 15 years old as a University (2004). But, despite being a very young institution, it has got a place in the coveted World University Impact Rankings 2019, securing a position of 301+. IIT Bhubaneswar as well as few well-known deemed universities from south India have also found place in the report, while KIIT has got the same success. Staff, students and well wishers of both KIIT and KISS profoundly thanked and expressed gratitude to the Founder of KIIT and KISS for his vision to carry out the mission of SDG, reducing inequalities since the inception of KIIT. Under his leadership, from the beginning KIIT has been engaged in a lot of outreach work in Odisha and beyond. The present ranking is the result of that, they expressed to the Founder, KIIT & KISS.