Psychedelic brew called ayahuasca could enhance creative thinking abilities

first_imgShare on Twitter Email Pinterest Share on Facebook A psychedelic brew known as ayahuasca may help people “think outside the box,” according to a new study published in the journal Psychopharmacology. But more research is needed.Ayahuasca has been used in the healing ceremonies of indigenous Amazon tribes for centuries. The psychoactive drink is traditionally prepared using plants which contain beta-carbolines such as harmaline and tryptamines like DMT.Researchers led by K. P. C. Kuypers of Maastricht University visited two spiritual ayahuasca-using groups to investigate the drug’s effect on divergent and convergent thinking. Divergent thinking describes the process of generating many possible solutions to a problem. Convergent thinking, on the other hand, refers to the process of narrowing down potential solutions to find one correct answer.center_img “Creative divergent thinking can enhance and strengthen psychological flexibility by allowing individuals to generate new and effective cognitive, emotional, and behavioral strategies on their own which helps them to adopt adaptive interpretations and coping styles,” the researchers explained.Kuypers and his colleagues recruited 26 participants for their study. These volunteers had all consumed ayahuasca previously.The participants first completed two creativity tasks designed to measure divergent and convergent thinking. About 3 hours later, they consumed ayahuasca in a dimly lit room while music played in the background. After waiting 2 hours for the drug to reach its peak, the participants completed the two creativity tasks again.Only one of the tests, the Picture Concept Task, indicated that ayahuasca produced changes in divergent and convergent thinking. The task required participants to find associations between a number of pictures that were aligned into rows.The researchers found that after consuming ayahuasca, the participants had a harder time finding the one correct association but were better at providing as many alternative answers as possible. Ayahuasca appeared to cause a decrease in conventional convergent thinking but enhance creative divergent thinking.There has been a renewal of interest in the therapeutic use of psychedelic drugs. The authors cautioned that their findings were preliminary, but said their study could have some implications for this line of research.“The present study has shown that ayahuasca promotes divergent thinking, an ability which has been shown to be an important aspect in cognitive therapy,” Kuypers and his colleagues concluded. “It can therefore be suggested that ayahuasca possesses qualities that can promote a therapeutic process. However, since convergent thinking is also a critical aspect in therapy, and the current findings show that ayahuasca impairs this facet during the acute phase, future studies have to investigate whether this effect profile changes over time.”They added: “Additional research utilizing a placebo-controlled experimental design, including additional creativity measures, is warranted, before results can be generalized.” Share LinkedInlast_img read more

Trevor Bauer or Corey Kluber? Who Will the Indians Deal and What Will They Get in Return?

first_img Matt Loede has been a part of the Cleveland Sports Media for over 21 years, with experience covering Major League Baseball, National Basketball Association, the National Football League and even high school and college events. He has been a part of the Cleveland Indians coverage since the opening of Jacobs/Progressive Field in 1994, and spent two and a half years covering the team for 92.3 The Fan, and covers them daily for Associated Press Radio. You can follow Matt on Twitter HERE. Related TopicsCorey KluberIndiansTrevor Bauer The 2018 MLB Winter Meetings is set to kickoff in Vegas starting on Monday, and all eyes for the Indians will be on which one of their right-handed pitchers, Corey Kluber or Trevor Bauer.People have been speculating as to why the team would want to deal Bauer, who was a breakout star in 2018, but let’s make one thing clear, this is not something they actually WANT to do. If Bauer is dealt, it would be out of necessity for a team that wants to dump some payroll (Bauer through arbitration this offseason will make about $11-12 million) and also wants to get some young talent onto a roster that the last two postseasons have been one and done.As for Kluber, he’s going to be 33 in April of 2019, and he’s due to make $17.5 million in 2019, and the Tribe holds options on him for $18 million in 2020 and $18.5 million in 2021.His history of injuries, as well as the last two postseasons of not being able to get the job done are two very large reasons the team might be willing to part with a pitcher that has won two Cy Young awards, and was in the final three this season for a third. While people want to slam the Indians for even thinking about trading Bauer, they have to remember that not only is he going to be in for a raise that will pay him about 11-12 mil this season, but if he’s as good as he was in 2018, he could wind up making close to $20 million in 2020, a number that will hamstring the Indians. So the big question that Indians fans want to know is – what kind of loot would the Indians get back in return for a player the caliber of Kluber or Bauer?The rumor mill has (as you would expect) some high profile teams with plenty of talent in the mix for the two stud Indians pitchers, including the two New York teams, the Mets and Yankees.The Dodgers is another team that is in the mix for Kluber, with a return that reportedly would include the likes of OF Yasiel Puig, starting pitcher Alex Wood and right-handed prospect Yadier Alvarez.One would think that no matter who is dealt, the objectives in the return would be simple, get 1-2 young prospects, and get 1-2 Major League players that could help this team, this year.The Indians still need to find at least two arms for the bullpen, they need a right fielder, and they could use some young players that could help this team for the foreseeable future.Expect to hear an awful lot this week in Las Vegas, as the Indians look to make a move that could define not only the offseason but just how the 2019 season will go. center_img Matt Loedelast_img read more

Hearts fans call for Papic sack

first_imgFans of Hearts of Oak called for the dismissal of head coach Kosta Papic after the team crashed to their third straight defeat against King Faisal at the Baba Yara Stadium.They attributed the team’s slump in form to the coach’s tactics as the Phobians have picked up six points from a possible 18.The supporters gathered around the team’s bus and held the coach hostage in the dressing room for considerable period of time.Hearts were dominated by a nine-man Faisal side from the blast of the whistle and inflicted a painful 1-0 defeat on the league leaders.“I feel very sad for this third defeat but I can only blame the technical handlers,” an exasperated fan told Ghanasoccernet.comHearts play Real Tamale United at the Ohene Djan Stadium on Sunday. Source: Ghanasoccernet.comlast_img read more

Dawson Creek RCMP search for missing 15 year-old

first_imgAnyone with information are asked to call the Dawson Creek RCMP at 250-784-3700 or Crime Stoppers at 1-800-222-8477. UPDATE: Cst. Jaime Ekkel with the Dawson Creek RCMP says that Elizabeth Hennigar has been located safe and sound.DAWSON CREEK, B.C. – The Dawson Creek RCMP are looking for the public’s help to find a missing 15 year-old.Elizabeth Hennigar was reported missing to the Dawson Creek RCMP on Thursday April 27.  Hennigar was last seen around 8 a.m. April 27 and Police believe she maybe trying to travel to Quesnel, B.C.- Advertisement -She was last seen with a black suitcase, carrying a three foot tall white teddy bear.Hennigar is described as:Caucasian5 feet tall110 poundsShort Blonde HairLast wearing blue jeans and a pink shirtThe RCMP have not released a photo of Elizabeth.  If a photo is released to the media, we will update this story.Advertisementlast_img read more